An event-driven strategy is selected for its capital gains potential and relatively short holding period. But what is an example of an event-driven strategy? Let’s discover a corporate event that details its profit potential up-front and states when those profits may be realized.

What is an Example of an Event-Driven Strategy?

Merger Arbitrage is an example of an event-driven strategy. This investment generates a profit, capital gains, from the price differential between the target company’s share price and the acquiring company’s offer price. The offer share price and anticipated closing time frame are stated at the time of the transaction’s announcement.

We must examine the structure of merger arbitrage to address the question: what is an example of an event-driven strategy?

  • Target Firm

The target firm is the company being acquired or merged into another corporate entity.

  • Acquiring Firm

The company acquiring the target firm sometimes referred to as “the acquirer”.

  • Merger or Acquisition Transaction

The merger or acquisition transaction is the agreement between the acquirer to merge with or wholly acquire the target firm. The agreement details the target shareholder’s offer price, the stock-for-stock exchange ratio, and an expected transaction closing date.

  • Spread

The spread is where capital gains reside. It is the difference between the acquirer’s transaction offer price and the target company’s current share price. It is the profit potential of this event-driven strategy.

What is an example of an event-driven strategy? It is the advantages of merger arbitrage. We’ve touched on it as a profit generator, let’s look at the following additional attributes:

1.     Short-Term Horizon

Merger arbitrage is usually a shorter-term investment compared to other strategies. The advantage is quicker profit realization and a higher rate of return.

2.     Price Stability

In some cases, this event-driven strategy precipitates gradual price stability. As the market gains confidence in the transaction’s inevitable closing, the target price gravitates toward the acquirer’s offer price minimizing downside risk through reduced volatility.

3.     Low Market Correlation

The price movement of a merger arbitrage transaction is less market dependent and more corporate event sensitive. Diversification is one of its advantages due to its low market correlation.

No investment is perfect and merger arbitrage is no exception. What are the disadvantages that need to be addressed when exploring, what is an example of an event-driven strategy?

  • Transaction Risk

The risk the transaction will not close is prevalent. Shareholder opposition, regulatory obstacles, adverse state judicial filings, and financing issues are a few consummation hurdles. A failed merger can produce potential profit evaporation, astronomical company-to-company break-up fees, and investor loss.

  • Market Conditions

Market conditions made up of oscillating interest rates and inflationary fears can adversely affect the success of a merger arbitrage strategy. Investor sentiment, transaction financing, and regulatory approval are impactful market sensitive components.

What is an example of an event-driven strategy? Merger arbitrage is an example of a relatively low risk, attractive profit producer. Investor due diligence, monitoring of pertinent event developments, and risk management are paramount for the success of this event-driven strategy.

Read next: Which are the 3 Most Common Event Driven Strategies?

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