You’ve just read Company A and Company X have entered into a tentative merger agreement. The offer share price, transaction terms and conditions, and time frame are detailed in the announcement. You know you need an event-driven strategy but what are the components of event-driven investment strategies?

What are the components of event-driven investment strategies?

The components of event-driven investment strategies are the rigorous analytical processes needed to identify, evaluate, capitalize, risk manage, and strategically exit an event-driven opportunity. What follows is a component overview and the answer to; what are the components of event-driven investment strategies?

Opportunity Identification

Investors search and identify event-driven scenarios that result from corporate actions. These events can be mergers and acquisitions, liquidations, divestitures, thrift conversions, or earnings announcements.

Due Diligence

Thorough financial statements analysis and regulatory and legal due diligence is performed to assess the event’s potential impact on the firm’s securities, its prospects going forward, and the probabilities of transaction closure.


What are the components of event-driven investment strategies? The event’s risk/reward profile is an important component and must be assessed. The investment’s upside and downside probabilities are evaluated, coupled with the pre and post announcement impact on the firm’s securities.

Event-Driven Strategy

The proceeding steps shape an event-driven strategy designed to capitalize on the security’s mispricing or the undervalued assets exposed by the announced event. An investor’s chosen strategy is event-dependent, and the following are a few potential options:

Spin-offs – This event-driven strategy generates capital gains by capitalizing on the separation of a portion of a division of one firm into an independently operating entity.

Merger and Acquisition – Investors profit from the spread between the acquirer’s offer share price and the target firm’s current share price.

Distressed Debt Investing – This strategy involves investing in the bonds, loans, or securities of a financially distressed company in anticipation of future capital appreciation.

Liquidations and Divestitures – “Buy low and sell high” is the classic foundation of this event-driven strategy. Companies winding down their operations or selling selected assets and securities are purchased by event-driven investors banking on their future higher value.

Event-Driven Trading – Event-driven speculators trade the securities of catalytic event companies in anticipation of favorable price movements. This strategy accommodates long and short positions.

Activist Investing – Most investors are retail investors with fractional equity ownership, but they can invest alongside large activist investors known for taking substantial stakes in ill-managed firms. If the activist investor’s agenda is adopted and successful, all shareholders profit.

Monitoring and Position Adjustment

Investors monitor the ongoing corporate event and any metric change in their investment thesis. Strategy changes are made based on new event information and recent market developments.

Exit Strategy

An event-driven exit strategy is selling or converting securities or bonds, unwinding unprofitable positions, and exiting one position to enter a more promising one. The strategy is to transition unrealized gains into realized gains and mitigate the loss of permanent capital.

What are the components of event-driven investment strategies? The components of event-driven investment strategies are the analytical blend of identified event opportunity, studious research and due diligence, and consistent monitoring for strategic adjustments culminating in a profitably timed exit.

Read next: What is Event vs Time Driven?

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